Detecting cover songs with pitch class key-invariant networks
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Deep Learning (DL) has recently been applied successfully to the task of Cover Song Identification (CSI). Meanwhile, neural networks that consider music signal data structure in their design have been developed. In this paper, we propose a Pitch Class Key-Invariant Network, PiCKINet, for CSI. Like some other CSI networks, PiCKINet inputs a Constant-Q Transform (CQT) pitch feature. Unlike other such networks, large multi-octave kernels produce a latent representation with pitch class dimensions that are maintained throughout PiCKINet by key-invariant convolutions. PiCKINet is seen to be more effective, and efficient, than other CQT-based networks. We also propose an extended variant, PiCKINet+, that employs a centre loss penalty, squeeze and excite units, and octave swapping data augmentation. PiCKINet+ shows an improvement of ~17% MAP relative to the well-known CQTNet when tested on a set of ~16K tracks.