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dc.contributor.authorVON GRAEVENITZ, Gen_US
dc.contributor.authorGreenhalgh, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorHelmers, Cen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchautschick, Pen_US
dc.date.accessioned2015-02-23T15:03:39Z
dc.date.issued2012-04-13en_US
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-908908-29-2en_US
dc.identifier.other2012/11
dc.identifier.other2012/11
dc.identifier.other2012/11en_US
dc.identifier.other2012/11en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/6700
dc.description.abstractThis report explores the problem of “cluttering” of trade mark registers. The report consists of two parts: the first presents a conceptual discussion of “clutte ring” of trade mark registers. The second part provides an exploratory empirical analysis of trade mark applications at the UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO) and the European trade mark office (OHIM). This part contains results of a descriptive and an econometric analysis. According to our definition, cluttering arises where firms hold trade marks that are overly broad or unused raising search costs for later applicants. The report distinguishes between three mechanisms that can lead to cluttering. It also considers a series of mechanisms that work against cluttering. This discussion is based on a review of the previous literature. The tentative empirical evidence provided in the second part of the report suggests that trade marks are more frequently registered in several classes at the same time and also that firms in pharmaceuticals increasingly resort to multiple simultaneous applications to ensure that they will register at least one trade mark. There is also some evidence that firms seek to avoid mechanisms such as relative grounds examination which can prevent cluttering. Finally, we report direct survey-based evidence that applicants perceive cluttering to be a problem in specific fields and countries. However, our exploratory analysis does not provide strong evidence that cluttering has already become a systemic problem for the trade mark systems that is comparable to the effect of patent thickets for patent systems.en_US
dc.format.extent? - ? (60)en_US
dc.publisherIntellectual Property Office UKen_US
dc.relation.ispartofTrade Mark Cluttering: An Exploratory Reporten_US
dc.subjecttrade marken_US
dc.subjecttrade mark registersen_US
dc.subjectpatent thicketsen_US
dc.subjectpatent filingen_US
dc.titleTrade Mark Cluttering: An Exploratory Reporten_US
dc.typeReport
pubs.commissioning-bodyIntellectual Property Office UKen_US
pubs.confidentialfalseen_US
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.place-of-publicationNewporten_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
pubs.publisher-urlhttps://www.gov.uk/government/publications/trade-mark-clutteringen_US


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