## Harmonic and Anharmonic Oscillators on the Heisenberg Group

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Accepted version

**Embargoed until:**2099-01-01**Reason:**Not Yet Published##### Publisher

##### Journal

Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences - Series I - Mathematics

##### ISSN

0764-4442

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Although there is no canonical version of the harmonic oscillator on the Heisenberg group $\mathbf{H}_n$ so far, we make a strong case for a particular choice of operator by using the representation theory of the Dynin-Folland group $\mathbf{H}_{n, 2}$, a $3$-step stratified Lie group, whose generic representations act on $L^2(\mathbf{H}_n)$. Our approach is inspired by the connection between the harmonic oscillator on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and the sum of squares in the first stratum of $\mathbf{H}_n$ in the sense that we define the harmonic oscillator on $\mathbf{H}_n$ as the image of the sub-Laplacian $\mathcal{L}_{\mathbf{H}_{n, 2}}$ under the generic unitary irreducible representation $\pi$ of the Dynin-Folland group which has formal dimension $d_\pi = 1$. This approach, more generally, permits us to define a large class of so-called anharmonic oscillators by employing positive Rockland operators on $\mathbf{H}_{n, 2}$. By using the methods developed in ter Elst and Robinson [tERo], we obtain spectral estimates for the harmonic and anharmonic oscillators on $\mathbf{H}_n$. Moreover, we show that our approach extends to graded $SI/Z$-groups of central dimension $1$, i.e., graded groups which possess unitary irreducible representations which are square-integrable modulo the $1$-dimensional center $Z(G)$. The latter part of the article is concerned with spectral multipliers. By combining ter Elst and Robinson's techniques with recent results in [AkRu18], we obtain useful $L^\mathbf{p}$-$L^\mathbf{q}$-estimates for spectral multipliers of the sub-Laplacian $\mathcal{L}_{\mathbf{H}_{n, 2}}$ and, in fact more generally, of general Rockland operators on general graded groups. As a by-product, we recover the Sobolev embeddings on graded groups established in [FiRu17], and obtain explicit hypoelliptic heat semigroup estimates.

##### Authors

Rottensteiner, D; Ruzhansky, M##### Collections

- Mathematics [679]