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dc.contributor.authorLykotrafiti, A-A
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-11T14:32:25Z
dc.date.available2020-04-10
dc.date.available2020-06-11T14:32:25Z
dc.date.issued2020-05
dc.identifier.issn0165-0750
dc.identifier.urihttps://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/64835
dc.description.abstractThe States’ perception of what constitutes fair competition in internationalairtransporthasevolvedfromaquidproquoapproachintheera of airline regulation to a laissez-faire approach in the era of airline de-regulation. However, no consensus has ever been reached as to, first, what constitutes fair competition in an industry whose market access is still contingent on bilateral air services agreements (ASAs), and, second, what the pre-requisites of a level playing field are. The commercial success of the Gulf airlines has obliged regulators and policymakers around the world to revisit this issue and demand compliance with global rules.The EU has responded by adopting Regulation (EU) 2019/712 on safeguarding fair competition, as well as by championing the inclusion of fair competition clauses in ASAs. The analysis examines the compatibility of unilateral action under the Regulation with mutually negotiated solutions under ASAs so as to assess the legitimacy and efficiency of the EU strategy in the area of fair competition in international air transport.en_US
dc.format.extent? - ? (30)
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherKluwer Law Internationalen_US
dc.relation.ispartofCommon Market Law Review
dc.subjectAir services agreements, freedoms of the air, open skies, liberalization, subsidies, fair competition clausesen_US
dc.titleWhat does Europe do about Fair Competition in International Air Transport? A Critique of Recent Actionsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
pubs.issue3en_US
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.publication-statusAccepteden_US
pubs.volume57en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-04-10


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