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Influence of anneal atmosphere on ZnO-nanorod photoluminescent and morphological properties with self-powered photodetector performance
Journal of Applied Physics
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ZnO nanorods synthesised using an aqueous pH 11 solution are shown to exhibit surface-sensitive morphology post-annealing in oxygen, air, and nitrogen as shown by scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy analysis. Raman analysis confirms the nanorods were nitrogen-doped and that nitrogen incorporation takes place during the synthesis procedure in the form of N-Hx. A strong green photoluminescence is observed post-annealing for all samples, the intensity of which is dependent on the atmosphere of anneal. This luminescence is linked to zinc vacancies as recent reports have indicated that these defects are energetically favoured with the annealing conditions used herein. ZnO-nanorod/CuSCN diodes are fabricated to examine the effect of material properties on photodetector device performance. The devices exhibit a photocurrent at zero bias, creating a self-powered photodetector. A photocurrent response of 30 μA (at 6 mW cm−2 irradiance) is measured, with a rise time of ∼25 ns, and sensitivity to both UV and visible light (475–525 nm).
AuthorsHatch, SM; Briscoe, J; Sapelkin, A; Gillin, WP; Gilchrist, JB; Ryan, MP; Heutz, S; Dunn, S
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