Randomized Crossover Trial of Phosphate-binding Medication on Serum Phosphate Levels in Patients With Aortic Stenosis.
2066 - 2072.e2
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PURPOSE: Aortic stenosis is a common cause of valvular heart disease with no means of prevention. The recognized association between aortic stenosis and serum phosphate raises the possibility of preventing progression of the disorder by using phosphate-binding drugs, but there is uncertainty whether such treatment lowers serum phosphate levels in patients without diagnosed renal failure. This pilot study was conducted to answer this question in patients with aortic stenosis. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, crossover trial of the phosphate-binding drug sevelamer was conducted in 72 patients. Patients were prescribed sevelamer 0.8 g (low-dose), sevelamer 2.4 g (high-dose), and matching placebo, 3 times daily with food; each regimen lasted 6 weeks and was allocated at random. Serum phosphate levels were measured at the end of each treatment period, and within-person levels were compared. FINDINGS: Sixty-one patients completed the 3 treatment periods. There was no significant difference in the mean end-treatment phosphate levels across all patients (3.38, 3.36, and 3.31 mg/dL with placebo, low-dose sevelamer, and high-dose sevelamer, respectively). Post hoc analysis showed a reduction in phosphate levels with increasing sevelamer dose in the highest baseline phosphate quartile group; a 0.3 mg/dL reduction (mean, 4.09 mg/dL with placebo, 3.95 mg/dL with low-dose sevelamer, and 3.79 mg/dL with high-dose sevelamer; Ptrend = 0.027). IMPLICATIONS: Sevelamer had no overall statistically significant effect in lowering serum phosphate levels, but a reduction was observed in patients with phosphate levels in the highest quartile group of the population distribution. This hypothesis-generating result requires confirmation in an independent study. If confirmed, a trial of sevelamer in preventing the progression of aortic stenosis may be justified in patients with high phosphate levels. ISRCTN Registry identifier: ISRCTN17365679.