16/18 genotyping in triage of persistent human papillomavirus infections with negative cytology in the English cervical screening pilot.
British Journal of Cancer
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BACKGROUND: In the English pilot of primary cervical screening with high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV), we exploited natural viral clearance over 24 months to minimise unnecessary referral of HR-HPV+ women with negative cytology. Three laboratories were permitted to use 16/18 genotyping to select women for referral at 12-month recall. We estimated the clinical impact of this early genotyping referral. METHODS: The observed numbers of women referred to colposcopy and with detected high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2+), and of women who did not attend early recall in the three laboratories were compared with those estimated to represent a situation without an early genotyping referral. The 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the differences between the protocols were calculated by using a parametric bootstrap. RESULTS: Amongst 127,238 screened women, 16,097 (13%) had HR-HPV infections. The genotyping protocol required 5.9% (95% CI: 4.4-7.7) additional colposcopies and led to a detection of 1.2% additional CIN2+ (95% CI: 0.6-2.0), while 2.3% (95% CI: 2.1-2.5) fewer HR-HPV+/cytology- women did not attend the early recall compared with the non-genotyping protocol. CONCLUSIONS: In a screening programme with high quality of triage cytology and high adherence to early recall,16/18 genotyping of persistent HPV infections does not substantially increase CIN2+ detection.