Economic feedback model predictive control of wave energy converters
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IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
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This paper proposes an economic feedback model predictive control (MPC) scheme to improve energy conversion efficiency of wave energy converters (WECs) and guarantee their safe operation over a wide range of sea conditions. The proposed MPC control law consists of two terms: one state feedback gain designed offline to maximize operating range and one term calculated online to maximize the energy output. Compared with the existing MPC strategies developed for the WEC control problem, the proposed feedback economic MPC strategy has the following distinguishing advantages: (i) The satisfaction of safety constraints and the recursive feasibility can be guaranteed to ensure WEC's safe operation in a large range of sea states. (ii) The novel MPC can notably improve energy production efficiency. (iii) The controller design procedure is more convenient and straightforward compared with the existing MPC strategies. The efficacy of the proposed MPC strategy is demonstrated by numerical simulations with a point absorber as a case study. By comparison with a representative existing MPC strategy, the proposed economic MPC can significantly improve energy output.