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dc.contributor.authorLoffman, Ren_US
dc.contributor.authorHenriet, Ben_US
dc.contributor.editorLoffman, Ren_US
dc.contributor.editorHenriet, Ben_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-16T10:09:58Z
dc.date.available2019-02-25en_US
dc.date.issued2019-07-10en_US
dc.identifier.issn0308-6534en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/58520
dc.description.abstractWhen historians have examined labour relations in the Belgian Congo, the paradigmatic image is that of rapacious, avaricious metropolitan investors oppressing helpless African communities by dint of a skeletal but violent cohort of intermediaries. Leopold II was exemplary of this trend. Having never set foot in the Congo, he drew vast profits from the territory by means of initiating a series of appalling atrocities as his employees coerced Africans into harvesting rubber in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Such emphasis on exploitation fits with a long-standing scholarly emphasis on African dependency that has also highlighted how capital has leaked out of the Congo and into Europe and North America. Yet this article argues, first, that capital sometimes leaked from Europe to the Congo. Secondly, this essay suggests that not every investor in the Congo was as mendacious and cynical as Leopold II. Some, namely the Lever brothers, came to the Congo in the sincere hopes of establishing Christian, middle class African communities in the bush. But Lever’s plans were compromised by the firm’s paternalism and their overriding need to turn a profit.en_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis (Routledge)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Imperial and Commonwealth Historyen_US
dc.subjectBelgian Congoen_US
dc.subjectLeverhulmeen_US
dc.subjectLabour Relationsen_US
dc.subjectPaternalismen_US
dc.subjectDependencyen_US
dc.subjectChristianityen_US
dc.title‘We Are Left With Barely Anything’: Colonial Rule, Dependency, and the Lever Brothers in the Belgian Congo, 1911-1960en_US
dc.typeArticle
dc.rights.holder© 2019 Informa UK Limited
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.publication-statusAccepteden_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-02-25en_US
rioxxterms.funderDefault funderen_US
rioxxterms.identifier.projectDefault projecten_US


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