Adsorption of sodium hexanoate on a-alumina
348 - 353
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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Neutron reflection and adsorption isotherm measurements have been used to study the adsorption behaviour of hexanoic acid onto a-alumina surfaces. Importantly, the pH dependence of the behaviour has been characterised with a pronounced maximum in adsorption identified at a pH of approximately 5, close to the pKa of the acid. The adsorbed layer is identified as a bilayer, which is reasonable given the hydrophilic nature of both side of the layer, and has a thickness of 13 Å, suggesting significant extent of interdigitation. At pH 5, the layer has much lower extent of hydration relative to the higher pH of 7, consistent with the increased total adsorption at pH 5. A number of different mechanisms for the binding of the hexanoic acid to the surface are considered. The experimental data, combined with calculations using equilibrium/binding constants of the surface and ligands, indicates that a ligand exchange reaction may be the most significant mechanism.