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dc.contributor.authorKazmi, Sen_US
dc.contributor.authorANDERSON, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorLIVERSIDGE, HMen_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-27T14:21:24Z
dc.date.available2017-11-22en_US
dc.date.issued2017-11-28en_US
dc.date.submitted2018-04-16T09:28:06.398Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/36556
dc.description.abstractAim The aim of this study was to assess the difference in crown and pulp area and dimensions of the mandibular deciduous second molar in males and female children using digitized images of bitewing radiographs and image J®. Materials and Methods Bitewing radiographs of 48 children (24 males and 24 females) aged 3.69 to 9.46 years were assessed in a retrospective cross sectional study. Bitewings were photographed and Image J® was used to measure crown and pulp area and some linear measurements. A t-test was used to compare the difference between mean dimensions in males and females. Results There were no statistically significant(p < 0.5) differences in the area (hard tissue with pulp and without pulp area) or in the horizontal (mesial distal crown width, pulp and crown width at cervix) or vertical (mesial and distal pulp horn height to occlusal surface) dimensions of this tooth between boys and girls. Conclusions There were no difference found in the area and linear measurements of the lower second molar between boys and girls.en_US
dc.format.extent? - ? (4)en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofInternational journal of dentistry and oral healthen_US
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.subjectBitewing radiographsen_US
dc.subjectCrownen_US
dc.subjectPulpen_US
dc.subjectDeciduous lower second molarsen_US
dc.subjectImage J®en_US
dc.titleA radiographic study of pulp crown dimensions of the mandibular deciduous second molaren_US
dc.typeArticle
dc.rights.holder© 2017 Kazmi S, et al.
pubs.issue1en_US
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
pubs.volume4en_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2017-11-22en_US


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