Now showing items 1-10 of 81
Two Cases of BCG Osteomyelitis Diagnosed Through Polymerase Chain Reaction/Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry Technology.
(Oxford University Press (OUP), 2019-01-07)
Microbial Translocation Does Not Drive Immune Activation in Ugandan Children Infected With HIV.
(Oxford University Press, 2019-01-01)
Objective: Immune activation is associated with morbidity and mortality during human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, despite receipt of antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated whether microbial translocation ...
Causes and Timing of Mortality and Morbidity Among Late Presenters Starting Antiretroviral Therapy in the REALITY Trial.
(Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018-03-04)
Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, 20%-25% of people starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) have severe immunosuppression; approximately 10% die within 3 months. In the Reduction of EArly mortaLITY (REALITY) randomized ...
Independent and combined effects of improved water, sanitation, and hygiene, and improved complementary feeding, on child stunting and anaemia in rural Zimbabwe: a cluster-randomised trial.
BACKGROUND: Child stunting reduces survival and impairs neurodevelopment. We tested the independent and combined effects of improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), and improved infant and young child feeding (IYCF) ...
Reduced bacterial skin infections in HIV-infected African children randomized to long-term cotrimoxazole prophylaxis
(Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc, 2016-11-28)
Objective: To evaluate whether cotrimoxazole prophylaxis prevents common skin conditions in HIV-infected children. Design: Open-label randomized controlled trial of continuing versus stopping daily cotrimoxazole ...
Late Presentation With HIV in Africa: Phenotypes, Risk, and Risk Stratification in the REALITY Trial.
(Oxford University Press, 2018-03-04)
Background: Severely immunocompromised human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals have high mortality shortly after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated predictors of early mortality and "late ...
T-Cell Subsets Predict Mortality in Malnourished Zambian Adults Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy.
(Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2015)
To estimate the prognostic value of T-cell subsets in Zambian patients initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), and to assess the impact of a nutritional intervention on T-cell subsets.
Enhanced infection prophylaxis reduces mortality in severely immunosuppressed HIV-infected adults and older children initiating antiretroviral therapy in Kenya, Malawi, Uganda and Zimbabwe: the REALITY trial
(Wiley on behalf of International AIDS Society, 2016-07-22)
Meeting abstract FRAB0101LB from 21st International AIDS Conference 18–22 July 2016, Durban, South Africa. Introduction: Mortality from infections is high in the first 6 months of antiretroviral therapy (ART) among ...