Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Clinical characteristics and complications of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children in east London: A retrospective case-control study.
(Public Library of Science, 2018-03-22)
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is the leading cause of acute gastroenteritis in children and is associated with neurological complications such as seizures and encephalopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the presentation ...
Exploring the relationship between environmental enteric dysfunction and oral vaccine responses.
Oral vaccines significantly underperform in low-income countries. One possible contributory factor is environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a subclinical disorder of small intestinal structure and function among children ...
Effect of ready-to-use supplementary food on mortality in severely immunocompromised HIV-infected individuals in Africa initiating antiretroviral therapy (REALITY): an open-label, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial.
(Elsevier/Science Direct, 2018-04-10)
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, severely immunocompromised HIV-infected individuals have a high risk of mortality during the first few months after starting antiretroviral therapy (ART). We hypothesise that universally ...
Virological response and resistance among HIV-infected children receiving long-term antiretroviral therapy without virological monitoring in Uganda and Zimbabwe: Observational analyses within the randomised ARROW trial.
BACKGROUND: Although WHO recommends viral load (VL) monitoring for those on antiretroviral therapy (ART), availability in low-income countries remains limited. We investigated long-term VL and resistance in HIV-infected ...
Independent and combined effects of improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) and improved complementary feeding on early neurodevelopment among children born to HIV-negative mothers in rural Zimbabwe: Substudy of a cluster-randomized trial.
BACKGROUND: Globally, nearly 250 million children (43% of all children under 5 years of age) are at risk of compromised neurodevelopment due to poverty, stunting, and lack of stimulation. We tested the independent and ...
Comparison of two mycobacterial strains in performance of the whole blood mycobacterial growth inhibition assay in Indian children.
A major challenge in tuberculosis is identifying correlates of a protective immune response. The Mycobacterial Growth Inhibition Assay (MGIA) is a functional assay providing an integrated measure of the host immune response ...