A comparison of the quality of life of severely mentally ill people in UK & German samples
47 - 56
INT J SOC PSYCHIATR
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The improvement of the quality of life of people with a severe mental illness is a key policy objective and an important outcome for clinical services. Drawing on cases assessed using the Lancashire Quality of Life Profile and its German transiation (The Berliner Lebensqualitatprofil), this paper explores the relationship between personal characteristics, objective well being, subjective well being and overall well being. These variables are compared in two large data sets of people with severe mental illness, one from the UK (n = 1279) and the other from Germany (n = 386). The comparison shows that UK cases have significantly lower subjective well- being in almost all life domains (except safety, living situation and employment). UK cases reported slightly but not significantly higher levels of satisfaction with employment but German cases are more often employed than their UK counter parts. The German samples reported substantially better subjective well-being ratings for health, finances, family, leisure and social life. Exploration of the predictors of overall well-being shows that in both countries depression has the effect of reducing subjective well-being scores, except in relation to work (both samples), religion (UK), finance and safety (Germany). Regression analysis confirms that age, depression and objective circumstances make a small contri bution to overall well-being but that subjective ratings in individual life domains make the major contribution. The most important individual predictors of overall well-being for the two samples combined include being a victim of crime, depres sion and satisfaction with leisure, work, health and mental health, family, living situation, finance and social contacts. Factor analysis indicates that the variance in global well-being explained in both samples combined is 36% (31% in the German samples and 38% in the UK sample).
AuthorsEvans, S; Huxley, P; Priebe, S
- College Publications