A comparison study between electrospun polycaprolactone and piezoelectric poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) scaffolds for bone tissue engineering
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Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
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In this study, bone scaffolds composed of polycaprolactone (PCL), piezoelectric poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and a combination of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and silicate containing hydroxyapatite (PHBV-SiHA) were successfully fabricated by a conventional electrospinning process. The morphological, chemical, wetting and biological properties of the scaffolds were examined. All fabricated scaffolds are composed of randomly oriented fibres with diameters from 800 nm to 12 μm. Fibre size increased with the addition of SiHA to PHBV scaffolds. Moreover, fibre surface roughness in the case of hybrid scaffolds was also increased. XRD, FTIR and Raman spectroscopy were used to analyse the chemical composition of the scaffolds, and contact angle measurements were performed to reveal the wetting behaviour of the synthesized materials. To determine the influence of the piezoelectric nature of PHBV in combination with SiHA nanoparticles on cell attachment and proliferation, PCL (non-piezoelectric), pure PHBV, and PHBV-SiHA scaffolds were seeded with human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). In vitro study on hMSC adhesion, viability, spreading and osteogenic differentiation showed that the PHBV-SiHA scaffolds had the largest adhesion and differentiation abilities compared with other scaffolds. Moreover, the piezoelectric PHBV scaffolds have demonstrated better calcium deposition potential compared with non-piezoelectric PCL. The results of the study revealed pronounced advantages of hybrid PHBV-SiHA scaffolds to be used in bone tissue engineering.