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Predictors of length of stay in psychiatric inpatient units: Does their effect vary across countries?
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in individual countries have identified inconsistent predictors of length of stay (LoS) in psychiatric inpatient units. This may reflect methodological inconsistencies across studies or true ...
Characteristics and motivations of volunteers providing one-to-one support for people with mental illness: a survey in Austria.
PURPOSE: Large numbers of volunteers provide one-to-one support for people with mental illness, sometimes referred to as befriending. However, there has been very little research on their characteristics and motivations. ...
Preferences for befriending schemes: a survey of patients with severe mental illness.
BACKGROUND: Befriending has become a widely used method for tackling social isolation in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), and evidence exists to support its effectiveness. However, patient preferences for ...
Staff and patient perspectives on therapeutic engagement during one-to-one observation.
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: One-to-one observation uses continuous staff observation to safeguard patients judged likely to harm themselves or others. Policies increasingly mandate that staff engage therapeutically with ...
Attitudes towards severe mental illness and social distance: A survey of volunteer befrienders in Austria.
BACKGROUND: Research suggests there is a propensity for people in the general population to distance themselves from people with severe mental illness (SMI), which reportedly decreases with increased contact with individuals ...