Now showing items 1-5 of 5
Generality and specificity in the effects of musical expertise on perception and cognition.
Performing musicians invest thousands of hours becoming experts in a range of perceptual, attentional, and cognitive skills. The duration and intensity of musicians' training - far greater than that of most educational or ...
Designing for psychological change: individuals' reward and cost valuations in weight management.
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the psychological constructs that underlie behavior offers valuable design opportunities for persuasive systems. We use the decision theory, which describes how behavior is underpinned by reward-cost ...
When Absence of Evidence Is Evidence of Absence: Rational Inferences From Absent Data.
Identifying patterns in the world requires noticing not only unusual occurrences, but also unusual absences. We examined how people learn from absences, manipulating the extent to which an absence is expected. People can ...
Sampling Assumptions Affect Use of Indirect Negative Evidence in Language Learning.
A classic debate in cognitive science revolves around understanding how children learn complex linguistic patterns, such as restrictions on verb alternations and contractions, without negative evidence. Recently, probabilistic ...
Monetary cost for time spent in everyday physical activities.
We measured utility curves for the hypothetical monetary costs as a function of time engaged in three everyday physical activities: walking, standing, and sitting. We found that activities requiring more physical exertion ...