The deformation and fracture behaviors of 316L stainless steels fabricated by spark plasma sintering technique under uniaxial tension
362 - 372
Materials Science and Engineering: A
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In this study, 316L stainless steel (SS) specimens with different relative densities were fabricated using the spark plasma sintering (SPS) technique. These SPS specimens were used to capture the effect of microstructure heterogeneity on deformation and fracture behaviors during uniaxial tension. Microstructure analysis indicated that the SPS specimens consisted of fully sintered and partially sintered regions and contained initial pores which are located at the grain boundaries. Mini-tension tests combined with the digital image correlation (DIC) technique were carried out at room temperature to measure the mechanical properties of the SPS specimens and the evolution of strain heterogeneity on tensile specimens during uniaxial tension. In order to reveal the fracture mechanisms of the SPS specimens, the surfaces of the fractured specimens were analyzed via field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). The fracture mechanism in the fully sintered region was identified as a ductile fracture by the formation of cup-like dimples, while the fracture mechanism in the partially sintered region was identified as a decohesion of the interface between the powder and the matrix.
AuthorsKale, AB; Bag, A; Hwang, JH; CASTLE, E; Reece, MJ; Choi, SH
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