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dc.contributor.authorKihara, ENen_US
dc.contributor.authorGichangi, Pen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiversidge, HMen_US
dc.contributor.authorButt, Fen_US
dc.contributor.authorGikenye, Gen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-22T11:25:32Z
dc.date.available2017-07-05en_US
dc.date.issued2017-11en_US
dc.date.submitted2017-08-29T08:59:19.891Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://qmro.qmul.ac.uk/xmlui/handle/123456789/25827
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Radiographic study of developing teeth provides a reliable indication of chronological age. In Kenya, dentists are often required to estimate age. However, there is a paucity of publications on the performance of dental age estimation methods. AIM: To determine the accuracy of Willems' method of dental age estimation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done at The University of Nairobi Dental Hospital. Panoramic radiographs of children aged 3.00-16.99 years old were studied. Dental age was estimated according to Willems' method and compared to chronological age and the difference compared to zero using a t-test. RESULTS: Radiographs of 187 (47%) females and 214 (53%) males were analysed. Willems' method significantly over-estimated the mean overall age by -0.24 ± 1.17 years (p < .000). Age was over-estimated in girls by -0.10 ± 1.18 years (p = .254); however, age in boys was significantly over-estimated by -0.37 ± 1.14 years (p < .000). CONCLUSIONS: Willem's model over-estimated dental age slightly and the method performed better in estimating the age of girls compared to boys. The majority of the children had their age estimated within 1 year of their chronological age. This suggests that Willems' method is suitable for estimating the ages of individual children in Kenya.en_US
dc.format.extent614 - 621en_US
dc.languageengen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.ispartofAnn Hum Biolen_US
dc.subjectKenyan childrenen_US
dc.subjectTooth developmenten_US
dc.subjectWillems’ methoden_US
dc.subjectage estimationen_US
dc.subjectAdolescenten_US
dc.subjectAge Determination by Teethen_US
dc.subjectChilden_US
dc.subjectChild, Preschoolen_US
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studiesen_US
dc.subjectFemaleen_US
dc.subjectHumansen_US
dc.subjectKenyaen_US
dc.subjectMaleen_US
dc.subjectModels, Biologicalen_US
dc.subjectRadiography, Panoramicen_US
dc.subjectToothen_US
dc.titleDental age estimation in a group of Kenyan children using Willems' method: a radiographic study.en_US
dc.typeArticle
dc.rights.holder“This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Annals of Human Biology on 11 September 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/03014460.2017.1371794 .”
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/03014460.2017.1371794en_US
pubs.author-urlhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28891350en_US
pubs.issue7en_US
pubs.notesNot knownen_US
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_US
pubs.volume44en_US


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