On the critical points of random matrix characteristic polynomials and of the Riemann $\xi$-function
Quarterly Journal of Mathematics
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A one-parameter family of point processes describing the distribution of the critical points of the characteristic polynomial of large random Hermitian matrices on the scale of mean spacing is investigated. Conditionally on the Riemann hypothesis and the multiple correlation conjecture, we show that one of these limiting processes also describes the distribution of the critical points of the Riemann ξ-function on the critical line. We prove that each of these processes boasts stronger level repulsion than the sine process describing the limiting statistics of the eigenvalues: the probability to find k critical points in a short interval is comparable to the probability to find k+1 eigenvalues there. We also prove a similar property for the critical points and zeros of the Riemann ξ-function, conditionally on the Riemann hypothesis but not on the multiple correlation conjecture.
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