Emergence and Evolution of the k Gap in Spectra of Liquid and Supercritical States
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Physical Review Letters
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Fundamental understanding of strongly interacting systems necessarily involves collective modes, but their nature and evolution is not generally understood in dynamically disordered and strongly interacting systems such as liquids and supercritical fluids. We report the results of extensive molecular dynamics simulations and provide direct evidence that liquids develop a gap in a solidlike transverse spectrum in the reciprocal space, with no propagating modes between zero and a threshold value. In addition to the liquid state, this result importantly applies to the supercritical state of matter. We show that the emerging gap increases with the inverse of liquid relaxation time and discuss how the gap affects properties of liquid and supercritical states.
AuthorsTRACHENKO, K; Yang, C; Dove, MT; Brazhkin, VV
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