Nonlinear analogue of the May−Wigner instability transition
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We study a system of N≫1degrees of freedom coupled via a smooth homogeneous Gaussian vector field with both gradient and divergence-free components. In the absence of coupling, the system is exponentially relaxing to an equilibrium with rate μ. We show that, while increasing the ratio of the coupling strength to the relaxation rate, the system experiences an abrupt transition from a topologically trivial phase portrait with a single equilibrium into a topologically nontrivial regime characterized by an exponential number of equilibria, the vast majority of which are expected to be unstable. It is suggested that this picture provides a global view on the nature of the May−Wigner instability transition originally discovered by local linear stability analysis.
AuthorsFyodorov, YV; KHORUZHENKO, B
- Applied Mathematics