Offering self-sampling to cervical screening non-attenders in primary care.
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of offering self-sampling for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) testing to cervical screening non-attenders when they consult primary care for any reason. METHODS: In a pilot implementation study, six general practices in London, UK, offered self-sampling kits during consultation to women aged 25-64 who were at least six months overdue for cervical screening (no cytology test recorded in the past 3.5 years if aged 25-49, or 5.5 years if aged 50-64). Eligible women were identified using an automated real-time search (during consultation) of the general practice electronic medical record system. Women collected samples either in clinic or at home (dry flocked swabs analysed using Roche Cobas®4800). RESULTS: Of approximately 5000 eligible women, 3131 consulted primary care between January and December 2014 (mean recruitment period 9.5 months). Of these, 21% (652) were offered kits, 14% (443) accepted, and 9% (292) returned a self-sample. The proportion of eligible women offered kits varied considerably among practices (11-36%). Sample return rates increased with kit offered rates (r = 0.8, p = 0.04). Of 39 HPV positive women 85% (33) attended follow-up, including two with invasive cancers (stage 2A1 and 1A1). CONCLUSIONS: Offering self-sampling to cervical screening non-attenders opportunistically in primary care is feasible. Return rates could be increased if more women were offered kits. A large trial is needed to identify how self-sampling is best integrated into the national screening programme, and to identify determinants of uptake.
AuthorsLim, AW; Hollingworth, A; Kalwij, S; Curran, G; Sasieni, P
- College Publications