The perioperative immune response.
336 - 342
Curr Opin Crit Care
MetadataShow full item record
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A host of immune modulators are now available in clinical practice. The perioperative period is characterized by profound alterations in host immunity, which can result in poor outcomes, which include infection, cancer recurrence and organ failure. Manipulation of the perioperative immune response has the potential to improve outcomes. A complete understanding of the mechanisms and clinical consequences of altered immune function in this setting is therefore imperative. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent in-vivo data have emerged which further our understanding of the interaction between tissue damage, immune modulation and clinical outcomes by utilizing novel laboratory techniques capable of monitoring single-cell immune signatures. Traditional gene expression assays have continued to demonstrate their utility and have been instrumental in defining the host response to perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion. These mechanistic studies are complemented by large clinical studies describing associations between anaesthetic modalities and immune-related outcomes. SUMMARY: Laboratory techniques are now available that can monitor the perioperative immune response and could be further developed to introduce personalized care pathways. Consideration must also be given to anaesthesia techniques and perioperative treatments that, although not immediately harmful, may be associated with poor outcomes temporally distant from the treatment, secondary to induced immunosuppression.
AuthorsO'Dwyer, MJ; Owen, HC; Torrance, HDT
- College Publications