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dc.contributor.authorTaya, S
dc.contributor.authorWindridge, D
dc.contributor.authorOsman, M
dc.descriptionThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en_US
dc.description.abstractCurrent eye-tracking research suggests that our eyes make anticipatory movements to a location that is relevant for a forthcoming task. Moreover, there is evidence to suggest that with more practice anticipatory gaze control can improve. However, these findings are largely limited to situations where participants are actively engaged in a task. We ask: does experience modulate anticipative gaze control while passively observing a visual scene? To tackle this we tested people with varying degrees of experience of tennis, in order to uncover potential associations between experience and eye movement behaviour while they watched tennis videos. The number, size, and accuracy of saccades (rapid eye-movements) made around 'events,' which is critical for the scene context (i.e. hit and bounce) were analysed. Overall, we found that experience improved anticipatory eye-movements while watching tennis clips. In general, those with extensive experience showed greater accuracy of saccades to upcoming event locations; this was particularly prevalent for events in the scene that carried high uncertainty (i.e. ball bounces). The results indicate that, even when passively observing, our gaze control system utilizes prior relevant knowledge in order to anticipate upcoming uncertain event locations.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by grants from Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/F069626/1).en_US
dc.format.extente71371 - ?
dc.relation.ispartofPLoS One
dc.subjectEye Movements
dc.subjectMiddle Aged
dc.subjectPhotic Stimulation
dc.subjectPsychomotor Performance
dc.subjectSurveys and Questionnaires
dc.subjectVisual Perception
dc.subjectYoung Adult
dc.titleTrained eyes: experience promotes adaptive gaze control in dynamic and uncertain visual environments.
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.holder© 2013 Taya et al.
dc.relation.isPartOfPLoS One
dc.relation.isPartOfPLoS One
dc.relation.isPartOfPLoS One
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London/Faculty of Science & Engineering
pubs.organisational-group/Queen Mary University of London/Faculty of Science & Engineering/Biological and Chemical Sciences - Staff
pubs.publication-statusPublished online

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