The analysis of UWB Radar System for Microwave Imaging Application.
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Many research groups have conducted the investigation into UWB imaging radar system for various applications over the last decade. Due to the demanding security requirements, it is desirable to devise a convenient and reliable imaging system for concealed weapon detection. Therefore, this thesis presents my research into a low cost and compact UWB imaging radar system for security purpose. This research consists of two major parts: building the UWB imaging system and testing the imaging algorithms. Firstly, the time-domain UWB imaging radar system is developed based on a modulating scheme, achieving a receiver sensitivity of -78dBm and a receiver dynamic range of 69dB. A rotary UWB antenna linear array, comprising one central transmitting antenna and four side-by-side receiving antennas, is adopted to form 2D array in order to achieve a better cross-range resolution of the target. In operation, the rotation of the antenna array is automatically controlled through the computerised modules in LabVIEW. Two imaging algorithms have been extensively tested in the developed UWB radar system for a number of scenarios. In simulation, the “Delay and Sum (DAS)” method has been shown to be effective at mapping out the metallic targets in free space, but prone to errors in more complicated environments. However, the “Time Reversal (TR)” method can produce better images in more complex scenarios, where traditionally unfavorable multi-path interference becomes a valuable asset. These observations were verified in experiment in different testing environments, such as penetration through wooden boards, clutters and a stuffed sport bag. The detectable size of a single target is 8×8×1 cm3 with 30cm distance in a stuffed bag, while DAS can achieve the estimation of 7cm cross-range resolution and 15cm down-range resolution for two targets with sizes of 8×8×1 cm3 and 10×10×1 cm3, which fits within the theoretical prediction. In contrast, TR can distinguish them with a superior 4cm cross range resolution.
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